Music from India

Pana Pattu

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  • Type


  • Duration


  • Cultures

    Kerala (Malayalee)

  • Shelf mark

    RK DAT 26

  • Recording date


  • Recording locations

    In front of an old Kerala house, Cherussery village, Trichur district, Kerala.

  • Performance occasion

    Early morning

  • Performers

    Appu Nair (aged 71, lead singer and centa drum) , Mani Nair (cymbals ilatalam) , Narayana Nair (chorus singer) , Raman Nair (chorus singer)

  • Recordist

    Killius, Rolf

  • Description

    Pana pattu is vocal genre performed at the elaborated pana ritual. The ritual is usually organised in an extended family household once in a life-time in order to propitiate the goddess. The song describes the fierce goddess Bhadrakali and its purpose is to praise her, therefore making her goddess less angry and aggressive. The ritual and the musical part are traditionally performed by professional musicians (all male) from the Nayar community. The artists: Appu Nair (71) is the lead singer and beats the centa drum; Mani Nair plays the cymbals ilatalam; Narayana Nair and Raman Nair consist of the chorus. The rhythmic cycle in this recording has seven beats (xuxuxxx; ā€˜uā€™ indicates a silent beat). They sing in the south Indian language Malayalam.

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