Ethnographic wax cylinders
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Wigg, Daniel (singer, male) ?
Gardiner, George (?)
EFDSS Cylinder No.95. Cylinder lid states: 'Lord Nelson / Sept 1919' if the date is correct then identity of singer and collector not yet ascertained, but if the date should be 1909, then it might be Daniel Wigg from Preston Candover, Hants, and recorded by George Gardiner. The English Folk Dance and Song Society (EFDSS) Collection divides into three sub-collections of Scottish Gaelic, Welsh, and English recordings. The original cylinders still belong to the EFDSS, originally stored in Cecil Sharp House. The Scottish Gaelic recordings were made by Lucy Etheldred Broadwood (1858-1929) the great grand-daughter of John Broadwood the harpsichord and piano manufacturer, and by Dr. Farquhar MacRae. These recordings are mainly from 1908 and are very good quality. The Welsh recordings were made by luminaries of the Welsh Folk-Song Society such as Lady Ruth Herbert Lewis (1872-1946), and the singer Mary Davies (1855-1930). These are of rather poor sound quality. Also in this part of the collection are demonstrations of animal and sheep dog calls. The English Collection is a mixture of good, reasonable and poor sound quality, made by Cecil Sharp (1859-1924), Ralph Vaughan Williams (1872-1958), George Butterworth (1885-1916) and the folklorist Ella Mary Leather (1876-1928), among others. These recordings are also of great interest in that the tunes were to influence, and be used in compositions by Vaughan Williams, Butterworth, and Holst.