Jewish survivors of the Holocaust

Stimler, Barbara (1 of 5) Holocaust Survivors Centre Interviews

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  • Type


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  • Subjects

    Camp experiences

  • Recording date

    1998-06-16, 1998-06-26, 1998-07-10

  • Is part of (Collection)

    Holocaust Survivors Centre Interviews

  • Recording locations


  • Interviewees

    Stimler, Barbara, 1927- (speaker, female)

  • Interviewers

    Goodman, Barbara (speaker, female)

  • Abstract

    Part 1: Barbara was born in Poland, in Alexandrow Kuj near the German border, the only child of Sarah and Jacob Krakowski. Happy childhood, only Jewish girl in a private Catholic primary school, treated very well. Father not religious but mother kept a kosher house. Had a small retail textile shop. On 3rd September 1939 war broke out at 10am but bombs were already flying over their town at 8am. Their house was hit and neighbours killed. They hid in cellars and then ran into fields. Jews had to wear yellow triangle on the back of their coats and walk only in the middle of the road. Father was arrested but uncle arranged his release. Evacuations started very soon. Father took the family to his brother in Lubranek by horse and cart. The Germans came two weeks later; moved again to Kutner with Polish family, then with Jewish family, Krohn Silber who ran grocer’s shop. Germans came to the house and assaulted her and her mother, but then left them alone. Later, in 1940, arrested them with 200 others and marched them away to disused tobacco factory. Describes humiliation of her father. Starvation rations, then marched on to disused sugar factory in Kutner with 11,000 others. Returned to Lubranek, describes Nazi atrocities. In 1941 father was taken away and never seen again. Three months later women had to assemble and were taken to Lodz ghetto. Barbara was aged fourteen; worked in children’s hospital; describes life in ghetto and gassing of children in lorries.

  • Related links

    Voices of the Holocaust - link to learning materials based on the moving stories of Jewish Holocaust Survivors on the British Library Website

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