Jewish survivors of the Holocaust

Rubens, Anna (1 of 11) The Living Memory of the Jewish Community

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Tags (top 25):
  • Type


  • Duration


  • Shelf mark


  • Subjects

    Resident in Britain prior to 1939

  • Recording date

    1990-06; 1990-07

  • Is part of (Collection)

    The Living Memory of the Jewish Community

  • Recording locations

    Interviewee's home

  • Interviewees

    Rubens, Anna Louba, 1898- (speaker, female)

  • Interviewers

    Wingate, Jennifer (speaker, female)

  • Recordist

    Wingate, Jennifer

  • Abstract

    Describes huge family house. Very wealthy Jewish family; 12 servants, frequent visits to opera, theatre, ballet. In Baku there were Georgians, Armenians, Tartars; no racism. Recalls family holidays to spa at Pitigorsk. Met British Army officer at a party given by Georgian princess; married in 1919, and left Baku. Father owned oilwells. After she left he was arrested by Bolsheviks as a capitalist; imprisoned. Around 1920, the house was taken by Bolsheviks - this was anti-capitalism not anti-semitism. Massacre of hundreds of Armenians by Bolsheviks. Detailed reminiscences of social life in Baku; parties, dances, clothes. Description of Baku, streets and buildings. Holidays in Tartar village. Before marriage, Anna had gone to Kiev to study law for 2 years and was there when Revolution started; describes situation, great exitement. Repeats story of meeting husband; married only a few months after meeting. Rest of family went to Israel; Anna came to England, very happy. She learned to cook, but did not keep kosher household. Two children; daughter & son. World War 2; husband was called up at time of Munich crisis, son posted abroad (wounded at Anzio) and daughter in WRNS; she decided she must do something. 1939 did medical training and worked in emergency wards. Describes progress of her medical career. Lived in Henley-in-Arden, Warwickshire, 1937-1975. Family holidays in North Wales. 1975, moved to East Sheen. Grandchildren. 1986 came to nursing home. Discusses her family, looks back on life, feels she was lucky when she reads of women in prison camps. Talks about disintegration of family life, Gorbachev, Germany, Russia, NATO, Israel. Life in Baku.

  • Description

    Interviewee's note: Born Anna Louba Klionsky, in Baku, by Caspian Sea, Caucasus.

  • Related transcripts

    Full transcript of the interview

  • Related links

    Voices of the Holocaust - link to learning materials based on the moving stories of Jewish Holocaust Survivors on the British Library Website

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