Jewish survivors of the Holocaust

Winter, Oscar (4 of 7) The Living Memory of the Jewish Community

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  • Type

    sound

  • Duration

    00:30:31

  • Shelf mark

    C410/068

  • Subjects

    Camp experiences

  • Recording date

    1990-01-16

  • Is part of (Collection)

    The Living Memory of the Jewish Community

  • Recording locations

    Interviewee's home

  • Interviewees

    Winter, Oskar, 1906- (speaker, male)

  • Interviewers

    Jackson, Milenka (speaker, female)

  • Recordist

    Jackson, Milenka

  • Abstract

    Part 4: At Dachau, survived torture due to youth and strength. Lived hour to hour; any infringement of rules risked death; witnessed torture and killings. At this time, article appeared in New Statesman in England about conditions at Dachau; prisoners punished in reprisal. Tried to contact family to arrange visa for England; beaten for attempting to send letter. In summer of 1938, Viennese Jews begin to arrive at Dachau; then Czech Jews. 16 September 1938, mass transportation begins from Dachau to Buchenwald; 2,500 prisoners in all - Oskar among them.

  • Description

    Interviewee's note: Born in Berlin to middle-class, non-practising Jewish family, Oskar Winter was involved with anti-Nazi movement and arrested. Sent to Lichtenberg concentration camp, then Dachau, finally Buchenwald - one of the first prisoners to be kept there. Mother died in Theresienstadt (Terezin); father died on journey to Auschwitz. Released in 1939, Winter made it to Kitchener camp in England; refused to sign up for British Army, so was interned for much of the war.

  • Related transcripts

    Full transcript of the interview

  • Related links

    Voices of the Holocaust - link to learning materials based on the moving stories of Jewish Holocaust Survivors on the British Library Website

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