Jewish survivors of the Holocaust
Winter, Oscar (4 of 7) The Living Memory of the Jewish Community
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The Living Memory of the Jewish Community
Winter, Oskar, 1906- (speaker, male)
Jackson, Milenka (speaker, female)
Part 4: At Dachau, survived torture due to youth and strength. Lived hour to hour; any infringement of rules risked death; witnessed torture and killings. At this time, article appeared in New Statesman in England about conditions at Dachau; prisoners punished in reprisal. Tried to contact family to arrange visa for England; beaten for attempting to send letter. In summer of 1938, Viennese Jews begin to arrive at Dachau; then Czech Jews. 16 September 1938, mass transportation begins from Dachau to Buchenwald; 2,500 prisoners in all - Oskar among them.
Interviewee's note: Born in Berlin to middle-class, non-practising Jewish family, Oskar Winter was involved with anti-Nazi movement and arrested. Sent to Lichtenberg concentration camp, then Dachau, finally Buchenwald - one of the first prisoners to be kept there. Mother died in Theresienstadt (Terezin); father died on journey to Auschwitz. Released in 1939, Winter made it to Kitchener camp in England; refused to sign up for British Army, so was interned for much of the war.