Jewish survivors of the Holocaust

Winter, Oscar (2 of 7) The Living Memory of the Jewish Community

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  • Type

    sound

  • Duration

    00:30:30

  • Shelf mark

    C410/068

  • Subjects

    Camp experiences

  • Recording date

    1990-01-16

  • Is part of (Collection)

    The Living Memory of the Jewish Community

  • Recording locations

    Interviewee's home

  • Interviewees

    Winter, Oskar, 1906- (speaker, male)

  • Interviewers

    Jackson, Milenka (speaker, female)

  • Recordist

    Jackson, Milenka

  • Abstract

    Part 2: Early experiences in sex and love. Friendships with anti-Nazis who gave him Communist leaflets to distribute; his arrest in 1934 for distribution. Anti-Semitism already in the air; sentenced to two years penal servitude. Nazi books widespread in prison; read Mein Kampf; tried to educate himself. Thoughts on prison regime. Just before release in 1936, was rearrested for running messages for another prisoner. Sent to local prison and then to Lichtenberg concentration camp in Saxony.

  • Description

    Interviewee's note: Born in Berlin to middle-class, non-practising Jewish family, Oskar Winter was involved with anti-Nazi movement and arrested. Sent to Lichtenberg concentration camp, then Dachau, finally Buchenwald - one of the first prisoners to be kept there. Mother died in Theresienstadt (Terezin); father died on journey to Auschwitz. Released in 1939, Winter made it to Kitchener camp in England; refused to sign up for British Army, so was interned for much of the war.

  • Related transcripts

    Full transcript of the interview

  • Related links

    Voices of the Holocaust - link to learning materials based on the moving stories of Jewish Holocaust Survivors on the British Library Website

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