Jewish survivors of the Holocaust
Winter, Oscar (2 of 7) The Living Memory of the Jewish Community
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The Living Memory of the Jewish Community
Winter, Oskar, 1906- (speaker, male)
Jackson, Milenka (speaker, female)
Part 2: Early experiences in sex and love. Friendships with anti-Nazis who gave him Communist leaflets to distribute; his arrest in 1934 for distribution. Anti-Semitism already in the air; sentenced to two years penal servitude. Nazi books widespread in prison; read Mein Kampf; tried to educate himself. Thoughts on prison regime. Just before release in 1936, was rearrested for running messages for another prisoner. Sent to local prison and then to Lichtenberg concentration camp in Saxony.
Interviewee's note: Born in Berlin to middle-class, non-practising Jewish family, Oskar Winter was involved with anti-Nazi movement and arrested. Sent to Lichtenberg concentration camp, then Dachau, finally Buchenwald - one of the first prisoners to be kept there. Mother died in Theresienstadt (Terezin); father died on journey to Auschwitz. Released in 1939, Winter made it to Kitchener camp in England; refused to sign up for British Army, so was interned for much of the war.