Jewish survivors of the Holocaust
Winter, Oscar (1 of 7) The Living Memory of the Jewish Community
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The Living Memory of the Jewish Community
Winter, Oskar, 1906- (speaker, male)
Jackson, Milenka (speaker, female)
Part 1: Born 1906, elder of two boys. Mother injured at birth; Oskar always felt unloved compared to his younger brother. Father agent for textile companies, but unsuccessful; family lived hand to mouth. Schooled in Berlin and Wahnsee; antagonism between him and brother. Mother's family background. Grandfather's suicide. In his teens began to meet people who would later become communists. Left school feeling ignorant and unencouraged. Had important relationship with older woman and regrets not emigrating to Palestine with her. His family's lack of interest in Judaism. The deterioration of his parents' marriage.
Interviewee's note: Born in Berlin to middle-class, non-practising Jewish family, Oskar Winter was involved with anti-Nazi movement and arrested. Sent to Lichtenberg concentration camp, then Dachau, finally Buchenwald - one of the first prisoners to be kept there. Mother died in Theresienstadt (Terezin); father died on journey to Auschwitz. Released in 1939, Winter made it to Kitchener camp in England; refused to sign up for British Army, so was interned for much of the war.