Jewish survivors of the Holocaust

Frenkel, Morris, 1925-1997 (1 of 8) The Living Memory of the Jewish Community

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  • Subjects

    Ghetto experiences; Camp experiences

  • Recording date

    1989-03-14; 1989-03-15; 1989-04-03; 1989-04-10

  • Is part of (Collection)

    The Living Memory of the Jewish Community

  • Recording locations

    Interviewee's home

  • Interviewees

    Frenkel, Morris, 1925-1997 (speaker, male)

  • Interviewers

    Negin, Michel, (speaker, male)

  • Recordist

    Negin, Michel

  • Abstract

    Part 1: Early days and family background in Lodz, Poland. When he was 14 years old his father was killed during the German invasion in October 1939. Religious and cultural life. Relationships with the Poles and German, ethnics in Poland (Volkedeutsch). Anti-Semitism. The role of the Rabbi as a counsellor. Family roles.

  • Description

    Interviewee's note: Born in Lodz, Poland. Family background and living conditions before the war. Importance of the Rabbi. Father killed during German invasion in 1939. Education; secular and yeshiva. Outbreak of war, establishment of Lodz ghetto; life and death in the ghetto. Moved to Birkenau and then on to Auschwitz. Struggle for survival. 10 months later moved to Dachau. Description of work, crematoria and arrival of non-Jews in Auschwitz. Failed escape, last days in Dachau, liberation by Americans. Mother, brother and sister killed in camps. Found uncle in England through notice in Yiddish newspaper. Review of rehabilitation opportunities in Europe. Came to England in 1947; struggle to start from nothing, didn't speak English. Worked for uncle in East End. Describes making friends, writing a diary for his children, difficulty of adjusting to a normal life after his camp experiences; took him 15 years. Thoughts about the fate of Jews.

  • Related transcripts

    Full transcript of the interview

  • Related links

    Voices of the Holocaust - link to learning materials based on the moving stories of Jewish Holocaust Survivors on the British Library Website

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