Jewish survivors of the Holocaust
Frenkel, Morris, 1925-1997 (1 of 8) The Living Memory of the Jewish Community
The British Library Board acknowledges the intellectual property rights of those named as contributors to this recording and the rights of those not identified.
Legal and ethical usage »
Ghetto experiences; Camp experiences
1989-03-14; 1989-03-15; 1989-04-03; 1989-04-10
Is part of (Collection)
The Living Memory of the Jewish Community
Frenkel, Morris, 1925-1997 (speaker, male)
Negin, Michel, (speaker, male)
Part 1: Early days and family background in Lodz, Poland. When he was 14 years old his father was killed during the German invasion in October 1939. Religious and cultural life. Relationships with the Poles and German, ethnics in Poland (Volkedeutsch). Anti-Semitism. The role of the Rabbi as a counsellor. Family roles.
Interviewee's note: Born in Lodz, Poland. Family background and living conditions before the war. Importance of the Rabbi. Father killed during German invasion in 1939. Education; secular and yeshiva. Outbreak of war, establishment of Lodz ghetto; life and death in the ghetto. Moved to Birkenau and then on to Auschwitz. Struggle for survival. 10 months later moved to Dachau. Description of work, crematoria and arrival of non-Jews in Auschwitz. Failed escape, last days in Dachau, liberation by Americans. Mother, brother and sister killed in camps. Found uncle in England through notice in Yiddish newspaper. Review of rehabilitation opportunities in Europe. Came to England in 1947; struggle to start from nothing, didn't speak English. Worked for uncle in East End. Describes making friends, writing a diary for his children, difficulty of adjusting to a normal life after his camp experiences; took him 15 years. Thoughts about the fate of Jews.