Cadbury, Sir Adrian (2 of 29). Food: From Source to Salespoint
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2001-01-10, 2001-02-25, 2001-02-20, 20001-04-23, 2001-07-05, 2001-09-20, 2001-12-12, 2002-11-04, 2002-11-08, 2003-01-07
interviewee's home, Solihull, and British Library, London
Cadbury, Sir Adrian, 1929-2015 (speaker, male)
Dillon, Niamh (speaker, female)
Part 2: Tape 1 Side B: Quaker attitude to the acquisition of wealth, Elizabeth Fry. Quakers marrying outside the faith. AC’s grandfather and father taught at adult school. Quaker’s using their wealth for good causes: AC’s grandfather bought liberal paper Daily News – opposed Boer War. Foundations of Cadbury business – AC’s great great grandfather Richard Tapper Cadbury – a draper. His shop in Bull Street in Birmingham. His son, John, opened a grocery shop next door. Making cocoa: grinding cocoa beans, setting it, making the drink. Early problems with cocoa drinks. Moving to Crook Lane in 1831 in Birmingham and specialising in cocoa, moving to Bridge Street in 1861. Making cocoa powder rather than paste. Richard and George Cadbury (AC’s grandfather) taking over the business in 1861. Cadbury’s granted Royal Warrant in 1853. Decline in business, measures taken to improve quality. Cadbury’s cocoa essence, package had quote from Lancet. Food adulteration in 1870s. Cadbury’s expanding into dark chocolate production. Innovations in packaging: AC’s great uncle Richard started paintings on chocolate boxes. Producing milk chocolate for first time in 1897, recipe for Cadbury’s Dairy Milk refined in 1905. Growth in sale of milk chocolate between WW1 and WW2. Origins of cocoa beans: John Cadbury bought cocoa beans from Trinidad, later from West Africa. Popularity of cocoa. Victorian drinks: tea, coffee. Coffee Houses in 18th century. Water pollution in 19th century. Chamberlain reforming water and gas provision in Birmingham.