Middle Eastern music on shellac disc

Massoud El Amaratly: Hairan

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  • Recording locations

    Baghdad, Iraq

  • Performers

    El Amaratly, Massoud (singer, male)

  • Description

    Massoud El Amaratly was born to Moula Saad as a girl named Massouda in the small town of Amarah (province Maysan in southern Iraq). He preferred to dress, act and sing as a man. In Baghdad he became famous as a very skilled and innovate singer (very high and distinctive voice) and for the rendition of rifi songs (music from the countryside in southern Iraq). Side-B Music: Rifi song genre; the finger snapping (iṣbi‘) is a favourite way to produce rhythmic figures in southern Iraq and links the song to the Arabic Bedouin tradition. The singer is supported by a chorus. Musical instruments are: violin, qānūn box zither, the lute ‘ūd and a drum (darbukka?); finger snapping and clapping. Released on HMV Records; issue number 30-8292, Matrix number: 0C 2337

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